According to a new study in the Journal of the American Medical Association ( JAMA), both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes is on the rise in American youth. A study conducted over a period of years from 2001 – 2009 surveyed over 3 million children up to age 19 from the states California, Colorado, Ohio, South Carolina, and Washington. American Indian reservations in Arizona and New Mexico were also studied. Type 2 increased over a third, and Type 1 by twenty percent.
Defined by the American Diabetes Association, diabetes (hypoglycemia) causes sugar levels to rise higher than normal. Type 1 diabetes is typically diagnosed in children or young adults and used to be known as juvenile diabetes; this is when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin to convert sugars. Type 2 is more common, where the body is insulin resistant. Both diagnoses are treated with healthy diet, exercise, medication, and insulin therapy.
The reasons for this dramatic increase in both diseases is still unknown; as the causes for Type 1 diabetes itself is unresolved; however it has been discovered that more minorities are being affected by diabetes than before. It should be noted there has also been an increase in diabetes in adults according to studies conducted in the past twenty years, as well as gestational diabetes during pregnancy.
If you suspect you or a family member may be diabetic, please see your family physician. Diabetes is a serious illness that cannot go without treatment and can cause lifelong health complications.
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